How to Write a Great Argumentative Essay Introduction

A strong introduction in an argumentative article acts as a good opening in a court case. Like a lawyer, a writer must present and explain the issue in question, as well as provide background information. The main argument must be presented in a logic, intellectual and persuasive fashion.

Start with a Hook

Introduce your topic with a sentence. Start your introduction by introducing a quote, a personal story or a surprising statistic to spark interest. To illustrate, if you argue against smoking being banned in all public places, you might start your introduction by citing a statistic from a trusted source. “Tobacco abuse kills more people than HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria combined,” according to the World Health Organization. This grabs attention, while simultaneously introducing the subject of the essay.

Include Background

The background of the argumentative research paper topic can help readers better understand the topic. This history and context can make it easier to explain and support your argument. You can, for example, argue against the existence of a military draft in the United States. Your introduction may include information about the history and circumstances that led to the abolishment.

Write Your Thesis

It can be one that a reader might argue against. It cannot be a fact. The following example: If a professor assigns war as a topic, you could formulate the following thesis statement: “The United Nations has to be redesigned, it is currently ineligible to prevent wars.” The rest is your essay. It should explain and support your thesis statement.

What to Leave out

A good introduction shouldn’t be about presenting arguments or providing analysis. This belongs in the body paragraphs. Your introduction should set the scene and introduce your point, not give evidence. The introduction is the road map to the rest of your essay. But you shouldn’t declare explicitly what or how you’ll be arguing.


Argumentative essays are a type of writing that requires students to research a topic, gather, evaluate, and present evidence, and then position themselves on the topic in a clear and concise way. Before starting to write, find argumentative research paper topics and choose more appropriate.

It is possible for the argumentative essay to be confused with the expository essay. Although these two types are similar, the argumentative essay is different from the expository essay due to the amount of research and prewriting involved. They require extensive research and lengthy preparation. Expository essays require less research and are generally shorter in length. Expository essays can be used in class for writing exercises and tests such as the GED, GRE.


It might be helpful to view an essay as a conversation or debate with your classmate. The conversation would have a beginning, middle and an end if I was to discuss World War II’s causes and current effects on those who were there. If I ended the argument at the second point of my argument, there would be questions about the current effects on the people who were affected by the conflict. The argumentative essay must be logically complete and clear in its purpose.


The five-paragraph approach is a common way to write an argumentative essay. However, this is not the only way to write such essays. It sounds simple, and it is. The method includes an introduction paragraph, three paragraphs of evidence, which may contain discussion of opposing viewpoints, and a conclusion.


Complex topics and intricate research require complex essays. Argumentative essays that discuss empirical research or multiple sources of information will almost always exceed five paragraphs. Before concluding an essay, authors may need to discuss the context, the sources of information, and their credibility. Assignments will determine many of these factors.

An argumentative essay uses facts and evidence to support its claim. Before starting to write, find an argumentative research paper topic.

An argumentative essay should use evidence and facts to support your argument. Let’s say that you want to write an argumentative article claiming that Charleston, SC is a great place for families. It’s not enough to say it’s great because your family went there. Argumentative essays require facts and data. For example, Charleston has many family-friendly attractions. There are also special deals that you can take with your kids. You should also have surveys from people who enjoyed Charleston.

For argumentative essays, the standard five-paragraph format is acceptable, but not mandatory. These essays usually follow one of two formats, the Toulmin model and the Rogerian model.

  • The most popular model is Toulmin. The Toulmin model starts with an introduction. It then follows with a thesis/claim and provides data and evidence to support the claim. This essay style also allows for rebuttals to counterarguments.
  • The Rogerian Model analyses two sides to an argument and comes up with a conclusion after considering the strengths and weaknesses.

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