Health

Is Bone Marrow Transplant Safe? What is BMT success rate?

Bone marrow transplant is no doubt one of the life-saving techniques for those who are suffering from conditions like lymphoma, leukemia, or myeloma. Cancer treatments often damage the blood cells and a bone marrow transplant is definitely the best option if you want to live a healthy life. However, it is important to keep in mind that the entire transplant process. The process is quite intensive and its recovery takes a lot of time. 

When opting for a bone marrow transplant in India, it is important to understand that the process is completely safe. 

What is a bone marrow transplant?

Bone marrow contains stem cells and it helps in creating red blood cells. which are essential to carry oxygen to your body. It also creates white blood cells, which help in fighting the infection, and platelets aids in blood clotting to prevent excessive bleeding.

If any health condition damages the blood or the immune system, it will automatically prevent your body from making healthy blood cells. People suffering from blood cancer, genetic diseases like sickle cell anemia, or aplastic anemia can opt for blood cancer treatment in India

 A bone marrow transplant is considered the safest option, Keeping all these things in mind. In many experiments, it was found that the survival rate, as well as the quality increase, post the transplant. If the gene matches perfectly with the donor, not only you will be able to avoid the infection but also your life expectancy will increase too. 

Cancer as well as other diseases of your blood or bone marrow is responsible for manufacturing blood cells. With bone marrow transplanting, you can maintain healthy red blood cells. 

How long can you live post-BMT?

Normally, the BMT for non-malignant diseases enjoys a better success rate (70% to 90%). When it happens from any matched sibling donor. Alternatively, if the transplant occurs from an unmatched donor, then the life expectancy is almost 36% to 65%.

Even if you opt for the best blood cancer hospital in India, the survival rates will vary if you are suffering from acute leukemia. Moreover, if you are transplanting your bone marrow from any unaffected bone to a diseased one with chemotherapy, it showed improvements in the survival rates. 

What are the risks?

After transplantation, it is important to prevent any infection. The reason behind this is the chances of graft-versus-host disease. It increases where the immune cells present in the donor tissues attack the transplanted patient’s own tissues. Hence, if you are opting for a bone marrow transplant in India, make sure that your doctor is giving you immunization vaccines. It will help you for optimal survival. Post-treatment is small amounts of cancer cells are detected in children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It is a sign of cancer relapse. Similarly, patients suffering from persistent MRD have survival rates of 41%. However, after the transplant, the survival rate drops to 35% but it increases overall to 55%.

Few things you need to know about BMT

Although bone marrow transplant is quite useful, you should know a few things about it.

Difference between stem cell transplant and bone marrow transplant

Bone marrow and stem cells use interchangeably. While bone marrow is the primary source of hematopoietic stem cells, healthy stem cells are something, which every patient requires. But, when opting for blood cancer treatment in India, you have to understand that there is a huge technical difference regarding the donation procedure.

Talking about the bone marrow transplant, stem cells are collected from the bone marrow of the donor. Under general anesthesia, the bone marrow is harvested from the hip bones using a large needle.  The stem cells are harvested from the blood of the donor through apheresis. 

Once the surgery is over, medications are provided for increasing stem cell production. The process that harvests stem cells from the bloodstream is quite normal to blood donation. 

Therefore, a BMT is safe when done keeping in mind the safety requirements. The success rate depends on the quality of care after treatment.

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