Treating iron deficiency with food

Treating iron deficiency with food

Iron deficiency is a serious health problem, and it can be associated with many complications, the most important of which is anemia. What are the ways to treat iron deficiency with food?

Treating iron deficiency with food
The human body needs iron in order to make hemoglobin, which is necessary for red blood cells that carry oxygen to all parts of the body, so low levels of iron would mainly affect this important process. Here are a set of ways to treat iron deficiency with food in this article .

Treating iron deficiency with food

If you suffer from iron deficiency, it is important to follow an iron-rich diet, knowing that the human body absorbs iron from animal sources more efficiently than from plant sources.

1. Treating iron deficiency with food: animal sources

Here is a group of animal foods rich in iron in the following:
Chicken liver.
oysters ;
Beef liver.
Leg of lamb.
Fish, such as: perch, haddock.

2. Treating Iron Deficiency with Food: Plant Sources

To help treat iron deficiency in food, it is possible to focus on plant sources as well, the most important of which are the following:

Spinach .
Enriched raisin bran.
black bread.
brown rice;
Peanut Butter.

3. Treatment of iron deficiency with food: vegetables and fruits

Examples of fruits and vegetables that contain iron, but in low percentages, include:

Watercress .
Curly turnip.
green cabbage;
green dandelion;
Swiss chard.
citrus fruits.
Red pepper and yellow pepper.

4. Treating iron deficiency with food: nuts and seeds

As for the seeds and nuts that contain iron, they are as follows:

Pumpkin seeds .
cashew nuts;
Hemp seeds.
sunflower seeds.

5. Treating iron deficiency with food: Iron-fortified foods

It can be found in Foods that raise iron quickly:

Fortified yogurt .
Black and green peas.
Fortified orange juice.
Fortified white rice.

Foods to avoid when treating iron deficiency with food

There are some foods that you should avoid following a special diet to treat iron deficiency, which can interfere with iron absorption, we mention them in the following:

Coffee and tea.
Milk and dairy products of all kinds.
Whole wheat cereal.
Foods in tannins, such as: grapes and corn.
Foods rich in gluten, such as: products made from wheat, barley, or oats.
rich in phytic acid, such as: brown rice and whole wheat products.
Foods rich in oxalic acid, such as: peanuts , parsley, and chocolate.
Tips to increase iron levels in the body
Besides focusing on treating iron deficiency with the food in your diet, it is important to follow the following tips as well:

Avoid taking tea or coffee with iron-rich meals.

Replacing those foods rich in calcium with those rich in iron will reduce the efficiency of its absorption.
Focus on eating foods rich in vitamin C, which helps enhance the absorption of iron in the body.
Cook food for shorter periods so that its iron level does not fall.
Daily ration of iron

It is recommended that the daily ration of iron be as follows:

Children from 2-11 years old

11.5-13.7 milligrams

Children 12-19 years old

15.1 milligrams

adult men

16.3-18.2 milligrams

adult women

12.6-13.5 milligrams


27 milligrams


10 milligrams

Decreased or increased stores of iron or ferritin in the body

There is a difference between iron stores in the body and normal iron, which you have often checked levels of more than once during your life. What are the symptoms and causes of iron deficiency or excess in your body? How do you deal with it?

Decreased or increased stores of iron or ferritin in the body
Do you know the difference between iron stores and normal iron in the body? And what role does ferritin play in all of this? Here are all the details you need to know about iron stores in the body below.

What is ferritin?

The body stores ferritin in its cells until it is time to make more red blood cells, when signals are sent that stimulate the cells to release their stores of ferritin.

Once ferritin is released, it combines with another substance in the body called transferrin, a protein that binds to ferritin to help it travel to the sites where red blood cells are produced in the body.

In the event that there is a deficiency in the level of ferritin, the iron stores in the body are consumed more quickly than the body’s ability to keep up with the processes of producing and storing iron, which causes many health problems.

Symptoms of deficiency or excess of iron or ferritin stores
There are many symptoms associated with a deficiency or excess of iron or ferritin stores in the body, and these are the most important:

1- Symptoms of ferritin deficiency

If there is a deficiency in the level of ferritin in the blood and the body, it may cause many health problems. These are some of the common symptoms of ferritin deficiency:

Unnecessary fatigue and exhaustion.
dizziness and lightheadedness;
Headache and chronic pain in the head.
Unexplained general weakness.
Ringing in the ears .
Constant fidgeting and feeling anxious.
Pain in the legs .

2- Symptoms of increased ferritin

There are many symptoms of hyperferritinemia, the most important of which are:

pain in chest.
Heart palpitations .
Unexplained general weakness.
Pain in the joints.
It is possible to increase ferritin levels in the body as a result of organ damage or failure in functions, especially the liver and spleen .

Causes of deficiency or excess of iron or ferritin stores
Iron stores in the body may be impaired, and these are the common causes:

1- Causes of ferritin deficiency in the body
Low levels of ferritin in the body may indicate an iron deficiency, which is often caused by not getting enough iron in the diet.

Here are some conditions that may cause a deficiency of ferritin in the body:

Excessive menstrual bleeding.
Stomach diseases that affect the absorption of nutrients, including iron.
Internal bleeding .
It may be a person suffering from anemia and anemia together iron stores, or it may be anemic, but the iron stores has no shortage of them.

2- Causes of excessive ferritin in the body

Having high levels of ferritin in the body may indicate certain conditions, such as:

Iron storage disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis.
Hyperthyroidism .
Still’s disease, a type of rheumatoid arthritis.
Type 2 diabetes.
blood cancer.
iron poisoning;
Frequent blood transfusions.
Liver disease, such as chronic hepatitis C disease.
restless leg syndrome.
Hodgkin’s disease.

Daily consumption of alcohol.
Ferritin assays
If there is any doubt about the level of ferritin in the body, the doctor will perform a ferritin test first. A ferritin test may require a person to fast for at least 12 hours to obtain more accurate results.

If this examination reveals an abnormality, then the doctor will perform the following tests:

An iron test , which measures the levels of iron flowing with the blood in the body.
Iron-binding test with transferrin , which measures the level of transferrin in the body.
Normal ferritin levels
These are the normal levels of ferritin in the body:

20-500 nanograms per milliliter in men.
20-200 nanograms per milliliter in women.
Normal levels and measurement method may differ from one laboratory to another, so always make sure to consult your doctor and the laboratory when the test results are released for a correct reading of the results.

Tips for decreasing or increasing iron or ferritin stores

You should turn to the doctor to find fattening diet chart out how to treat a deficiency or increase in iron or ferritin stores. It is possible to treat a lack of ferritin levels by taking special medications and by increasing the iron portion in the diet (especially iron-rich meat and vegetables), and by adopting methods that enhance iron absorption (such as taking iron with vitamin C).

As for high levels of ferritin, a person may need to treat the main cause or the pathological condition that caused it, under the supervision of a specialist doctor.

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